There is a basic need to communicate the values of the protected areas to the
public, involve them in the decision-making and designing the management plan.
Usually there are several responsible organizations, even within one park, and
there is a low level of cooperation.
Legal and Illegal Logging
Most of the European protected areas are exposed to questionable logging. In
Hungary, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy logging is a common practice.
The Russian forest protection is weak in practice, even though it seems to be
well constituted on paper. Some of the protected areas called "zakazniks"
allow full economic activity. As a result, a significant amount of the national
parks' income is based on logging.
The result of insufficient monitoring is illegal logging. That is known to happen
on many European countries, like the Czech Republic, Estonia, Italy, Lithuania
Usually local inhabitants have the right to hunt even in protected areas
Road Building Roads and other infrastructure (water pipes, electricity, dams,
sewer, skiing resorts, etc) divide the forests in small fragments.
The best example of a non-native specie displacing a native one is the story
of the North- American Gray squirrel in the UK.
For example the gold mines located in the Komi Republic modify the environment
of pristine forests
A controlled, right kind of tourist is not dangerous for protected areas,
but the growth of tourism exceeded the ecological carrying capacities of many
Fire is a natural process and is important in the natural dynamics in the
taiga forests in the north. For many species living in forests subject for
periodical burning face problems because of modern fire surveillance.
In Finland and Sweden tests on the opportunities for restoring these natural
dynamics seem promising.
On the other hand, in the Mediterranean, they face the problem of increased
risk of fires caused by human activity.