Scandic Mountains: Forest
belt extends from Southern Norway to Finnish Lapland. This belt is joined to
the forests on the Russian - Finnish border and to the sub-tundra forests in
2: Finland, Russian Karelia: An important forest chain in quasi natural condition.
3: Baltic Countries: There are a few old-growth forests and a high number of old semi-natural forests
4: Eastern Europe: The fragments of pristine forests, like the Bialowieza forests in Poland and Belarus provide examples of virgin temperate forests
5: Ukraine, Belarus: swamp and bog forests
6: Alps: Almost pristine forests on some slopes.
7: Danube, Tisza, Sawa basin: Remains of alluvial forests
8: Carpathian Mountains: They have rich and varied forests, with the highest concentration of yew
9: Spanish mountains
10: Pyrenees: Forests with original character and high rates of plant endemism can be encountered. Many forests in the Pyrenees are in a semi-natural state. In the Guadiana River Basin (Southern Spain and Portugal) there are Mediterranean riparian forests, with a large number of tamarisk, poplar, willow, alder, plane tree, ash tree
11 :Mediterranean Region: This region is home for endemic species of trees, typically conifers (Macedonian pine, pinus nigra, juniper woodlands, North-African endemic conifer)
The Mediterranean riparian forests are characterized by poplars, willows, tamarisks, alders, plane trees.
12: Balkan: The Balkan Mountains are rich in endemic species (horse chestnut, Macedonian pine, Bosnian pine, hybrid Greek fir.
13: Bulgaria, FYR Macedonia and Greece: Isolated natural occurrences of horse chestnut.
14: FYR Macedonia, Albania: endemic confessors (Macedonian pine, Bosnia pine, hybrid Greek fir)
15: Aoos Valley: There is an important habitat in Aoos Valley, with more than 20 wood-species.
East from the map, in the
European part of Russia: